What is the definition of TQM?

The definition of TQM is a term created by the U.S. Navel Air Systems Command which describes their Japanese management approach to quality improvement.



TQM stands for “Total Quality Management”. An organization uses TQM as a long term approach to achieving customer satisfaction. Total Quality Management requires all employees of the organization for improving the products, processes and services. All employees, no matter what role, are responsible for quality and quality assurance. When done correctly, the entire business culture is TQM.

By applying TQM principles and putting the ISO 9001 systems in place, ISO 9001 certification is easily achieved.

The definition of TQM is based on the fact that seven main components must be grounded in the foundation of your organization. In order to provide quality services and products to your customers, focus your efforts on these components.

  • Organization
  • Total Employee Involvement
  • Customer Focused
  • Integrated Systems
  • Strategic Planning
  • Process Improvement
  • Communication

More great Info

TQM history starts in the 1930s

You can review more information on the TQM Model here.

Here is more information on the TQM elements

Joseph Moses Juran is an important founder of TQM

Walter Shewhart creates PDSA and control charts for TQM


Organization

Employees demonstrate mutual trust, fairness, reliability, and support to each other. Employees work with openness and freedom from fear. All employees focus efforts on improvement.

Management creates an environment where there is no fear. Management wants to hear about problems and resolve the problems. When there are problems, no one shoots the messenger.

Management does not punish employees for making mistakes. They recognize that people make mistakes and teach employees to learn from thier mistakes. Management learns from the mistake too! Top management improves systems to eliminate future mistakes.


Total Employee Involvement

Employees work together to achieve the organization goals. This is critical to the definition of TQM. This commitment can only happen if fear has been removed from the workplace.

Management empowers their employees to make decisions.

Management provides high performance work systems to drive continuous improvement. These systems include centralizing data collection and making sound choices on that data.


Customer Focus

Quality is defined by the customer. The customer always drives your continuous improvement efforts. To satisfy customer needs, quality is built into the design and development process. If the product does not meet the customer needs, the customer will not purchase it.


Integrated Systems

Systems are linked to each other. The product is not produced without supporting systems. These systems include administrative and manufacturing. Take a look at the process interaction chart for clarification on this.

The integrated systems assures sound communication between all employees. The definition of TQM depends on integrated systems. The ISO 9001 standard requires systems to be integrated and requires a interaction chart.


Strategic Planning

This is a systematic approach to meeting your organizations’ visions, missions, and goals. These do not happen organically. Your organization must create and follow a plan to achieve these. The plan must be followed by all employees. In a ISO 9001 company much of the planning occurs during the quality management review.

Strategic planning focuses on customer needs. Senior management drives the quality goals, strategies and plans. All management drives the actions and not just quality assurance professionals.


Process Improvement

All employees are responsible for continuous improvement. Management drives the process improvement. The end result is customer satisfaction.

Continuous improvement is fundamental to the definition of TQM and must be part of your Quality Policy.


Communications

Effective communication motivates employees, maintains morale, and ensures competent controlled change. All of the above elements must be communicated to all employees through effective training.


TQM Difficulties

Total Quality Management can be difficult to achieve. Before implementing a TQM program a company must understand that

  • This is not a phase. It is permanent
  • If you fail, it can have long lasting damage to the employees morale
  • It may take up to 5 years to fully become a TQM company.
  • It requires full cooperation and commitment from all managers. This includes from the owner to all line managers
  • It is a culture change. The old ways of management disappear.

What are the barriers to implementing TQM?

  • Lack of management commitment
  • Company culture cannot change
  • Plans are not well thought out.
  • Poor measurement techniques
  • Lack of teamwork.
  • Focus on short term profits
  • High employee turnover
  • Lack of training. No one to lead the company through the process
  • Management does not reward success
  • Employees are fearful of losing their jobs.

TQM Model
Here is more material on the TQM Model
TQM History
Covers the history of Total Quality Management from the 1930s to 2000
TQM Elements
Covers TQM elements in detail
Joseph Juran
Joseph Moses Juran is an important founder to TQM
Walter Shewhart
Walter Shewhart is a major contributor to TQM and Quality Assurance
ISO 9001
After reading about the definition of TQM, click here to review the ISO 9001 elements.



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